The muscle mass of chewing are connected with motions of the jaw (temporomandibular joint). They are just one of the significant muscular tissue teams in the head-- the various other being the muscular tissues of face. There are 4 muscular tissues:

MasseterTemporalisMedial pterygoidLateral pterygoid

The muscular tissues of chewing establish from the initially pharyngeal arc Hence, they are innervated by a branch of the trigeminal nerve (CN V), the mandibular nerve.

In this write-up, we will consider the composition of the muscle mass of chewing-- their add-ons, activities, and also innervation.

(NB: It is essential to keep in mind that all the muscular tissues stated below are reciprocal frameworks).


The masseter muscular tissue is one of the most effective muscular tissue of chewing. It is quadrangular fit as well as has 2 components: surface and also deep.

The totality of the muscular tissue exists ostensibly to the pterygoids as well as temporalis, covering them.

Activities : Raises the jaw, shutting the mouth. Innervation : Mandibular nerve (V3).

Fig 1-- The masseter muscular tissue. Just the surface head shows up


The temporalis muscle mass stems from the temporal fossa-- a superficial anxiety on the side facet of the head. The muscle mass is covered by hard fascia which can be collected operatively as well as utilized to fix a perforated tympanic membrane layer (a procedure referred to as a myringoplasty).

Add-ons : Stems from the temporal fossa. It condenses right into a ligament, which inserts onto the coronoid procedure of the jaw. Activities : Boosts the jaw, shutting the mouth. Additionally withdraws the jaw, drawing the jaw posteriorly. Innervation : Mandibular nerve (V3).

Fig 2-- The temporalis muscular tissue.

Median Pterygoid

The median pterygoid muscular tissue has a quadrangular form with 2 heads: surface and also deep. It lies inferiorly to the side pterygoid.

Accessories : The shallow head stems from the maxillary tuberosity and also the pyramidal procedure of palatine bone.The deep head stems from the median facet of the side pterygoid plate of the sphenoid bone.Both heads affix to the ramus of the jaw near the angle of jaw. Activities : Raises the jaw, shutting the mouth. Innervation : Mandibular nerve (V3).

Side Pterygoid

The side pterygoid muscular tissue has a triangular form with 2 heads: substandard as well as exceptional. It has actually flat related muscular tissue fibers, as well as hence is the significant protractor of the jaw.

Add-ons : The exceptional head stems from the better wing of the sphenoid.The substandard head stems from the side pterygoid plate of the sphenoid.The 2 heads merge right into a ligament which affixes to the neck of the jaw. Activities : Performing bilaterally, the side pterygoids elongate the jaw, pressing the jaw forwards. Independent activity generates the 'side to side' motion of the jaw. Keep in mind: Tightening of the side pterygoid will certainly generate side motion on the contralateral side. For instance, tightening of left side pterygoid will certainly depart the jaw to the right. Innervation : Mandibular nerve (V3).