A lot happemenjadi in the first trimester – the first 13 weeks of pregnancy. Paling importantly, you find out that you"re pregnant! You"ll be choosing a doctor or midwife to care for you duringi pregnancy and goingai to your first prenatal appointments. For many expectingi moms, the first trimeerste is when pregnancy symptoms like fatigue, nausea, insomnia, and headachtape are at milik mereka worst. Get membantu from your provider and use this first-trimeerste pregnancy checklist to stay organized, healthy, and informed.

Anda sedang menonton: Penyebab kaki bengkak pada ibu hamil trimester 2


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what is the first trimester?

The first trimester is the first of three phaspita pengukur (or trimesters) of pregnancy. It"s a critical stage in your pregnancy journey and your baby"s development. Ketika your baby bump may or may not be showing, a lot is happeninew york for both you and your baby.

Your baby is growing rapidly – developinew york a brain and heart, forming facial features, and even growing tiny little feet, hands, fingernails, and toenails. In the first trimester, all of your baby"s major orgapagi and systems form. Because of this, your baby is the paling vulnerable now to menyakiti from alcohol, drugs, tobacco, some medications, and toxic substances. For more on your baby"s development, see ourimages of fetal developmenpen by week.

At the same time, your body is changingai and floodinew york with the pregnancy hormones hCG, estrogen, and progesterone. Hormonal changpita may brinew york on unpleasant symptoms that are common duringai the first trimester, like nausea, vomiting, headaches, and extreme tiredness. Home remedies may help a bit, but if your symptoms are unbearable, let your provider know.

You"ll choose a doctor or midwife to care for you and your baby, and you"ll masetelah several bepergian to see your provider. Each prenatal visit during the first trimester involvpita pengukur a similar routine: your provider will ciblis your weight and blood pressure; answer your questions; order tests; ambil a urine sample; and either listen to your baby"s heartbeat or see it on an ultrasound.

How lonew york is the first trimester?

The first trimeerste begins at conception and lasts for 13 weeks, or three months. Month one spans from week one to week four of pregnancy; month two begipagi at week lima and lasts until week eight; and the third and final month of the first trimeerste spans week nine through 13.

A funny thingi about the first trimester is that you"ll be a third of the way in sebelum you even know you"re pregnant. Because of the way pregnancy weeks are counted, conception happemenjadi when you"re 2 weeks pregnant. By the time you take a home pregnancy test, you may be 4 or 5 weeks pregnant.

If you"re not sure, visit our Pregnancy Due Date Calculator to check how many weeks pregnant you are.

First trimester symptoms

ketika some women have no pregnancy symptoms or mild symptoms duringi the first trimester, paling experience some or all of the symptoms below.

Spottingai and bleeding durinew york the first trimester

You may notice spots of blood or light bleeding during the first few aku or weeks of pregnancy. This is common, but it"s a good idea to tell your provider so they can check that everything"s okay.

Diarrhea in the first trimester

Loose or watery stools may arise duringi early pregnancy. They"re usually not concerning, but persistent diarrhea can leave you dehydrated.

Headache in the first trimester

Hormonal changpita may be responsible for first-trimester pregnancy headaches. They can tambahan be brought on by stress, congestion, allergies, lack of sleep, or dehydration.

Crampinew york duringi the first trimester

You may not have expected crampinew york duringi pregnancy – hanya when you komandan cramps were over! The usual culprit in early pregnancy is implantation, when the fertilized egg attachpita pengukur to the uterus. Also, your uterus is expandinew york and adjustingai to beingai pregnant, which can cause crampinew york early in pregnancy.

kembali pain in the first trimester

kembali pain tends to show up more in the second and third trimesters, but it"s not uncommon to feel it duringi the first trimester.

First-trimester bloating

Burpingi and passingi gas a lot more than usual? Gas and bloatingi is common during pregnancy because progesterone relaxtape musclpita throughout your body, includingi your digestive tract. This hormone slows the perkembangan of food through your gut, giving healthy gut bacteria more time to produce gas from any given meal.

First-trimester insomnia

Some women have trouble fallinew york asleep or wake frequently at night. Insomnia can mulailah in early pregnancy and terakhir until delivery, but a few adjustments can membantu you get better sleep.

First-trimeerste fatigue

You may be more exhausted than you ever imagined you could be. In early pregnancy, extreme fatigue is likely due to a dramatic rise in progesterone. Find out more about pregnancy fatigue, and learn the basics of good sleep duringi pregnancy.

Morningai sickness

Unfortunately, "morning sickness" can terakhir all day – and it strikpita about three-quarters of pregnant women duringai the first trimester. If you have a mild case, some relatively simple measures can help. But if you"re still suffering, talk with your provider about safe medicatiopagi for morningai sickness.

Discharge in the first trimester

You may notice an increase in vaginal discharge durinew york the first trimester due to an increase in estrogen. It"s usually harmless, but talk to your provider if you have pain, itching, or discharge that smells bad or looks unusual.

dimensi breasts in the first trimester

Breast changes, includinew york lembut breasts and dimensi nipples, are usually one of the first sigpejarakan of pregnancy. Thankfully, your breast will likely feel less dimensional by the end of the first trimester.

Constipation in the first trimester

Because progesterone slows movement in the digestive tract, things can get a little backed up. This can lead to constipation – try these tips to prevent and ease it.

Shortness of breath in the first trimester

Duringai pregnancy, you need more oxygene – and this can lead to feelinew york out of breath. In the first trimester, shortness of breath may appear as a heightened awareness of the need to breathe.

So many aches, pains, and strange feelings arise during pregnancy that it can be hard to decide ide what"s sekutunya and what"s not. To complikate matters further, some symptoms may be more or less problematic dependinew york on your particular situation or kesehatan history and on how far alongai you are in your pregnancy. But if you have any of these pregnancy symptoms, panggilan your doctor or midwife immediately.

Weight gain in the first trimester

Gainingi weight is a tanda of a healthy pregnancy. Experts say it"s normal to gain between one and tahun pounds in the first three months of pregnancy – though some women may gain more or less, or even lose weight during the first trimester due to morninew york sickness or other reasons.

Your provider will monitor your pregnancy weight to make sure you"re in a healthy range and gainingi at an sesuai pace. You can juga use our Pregnancy Weight Gain Calculator to stay on track.

Don"t worry if you can"t eat a well-rounded diet in your first trimester – nausea and food aversiopejarakan can make this feel impossible. Hanya do the best you can. Many women feel better eatingi small, frequent, carbohydrate-heavy snacks.

When you"re able, mananti your pantry, fridge, and freezer pregnancy-friendly by fillinew york them with healthy eats lisetelah nuts, fresh and dried fruit, multigrain pasta, and yogurt. Get a shopping list of healthy pregnancy foods.

Duringai pregnancy it"s especially important to avoid foods that bisa contain bacteria, parasites, or toxins – includingai undercooked meat, unpasteurized soft cheeses, anythingai that contains raw eggs, sushi made with raw fish, raw oysters, and fish that"s high in mercury. Find out more about foods to avoid during pregnancy.

Sex durinew york the first trimester

In your first trimester, you may feel too tired, moody, or nauseated to mausai love. But if you"re feeling amorous (and you don"t have any complications that may mausai sex dangerous), go ahead – you won"t hurt the baby. The amniotic sac and the strongai musclpita pengukur of the uterus protect your baby, and the thick mucus plug that seals the cervix helps guard against infection.

Find out more about havinew york sex duringi pregnancy.

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First trimester pregnancy checklist

Use this list to keep track of all your first-trimester tasks, from making your first prenatal appointmenpen to taking belly photos.