Much more than only trade and investment, the Indonesian presiden has grander ambitiopagi for the two neighbours.


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Welcoming Joko Widodo to the floor of the House of Representatives in the Australian parliamenpen (Tracey Nearmy/Getty Images)

The visit by Indonesia president Joko Widodo (“Jokowi”) to Canberra this month brought fresh harapan of cooperation between the two nations. With Jokowi bringing the freshly ratified Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreeobat-obatan (IA-CEPA) as a “gift” for Australia, paling of the headline commentary naturally ambil a view that this resmi visit was economically motivated.

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Yet watchinew york the President’s pidato to the Australian parliament, I wonder if the gift was truly at the heart of this visit, or if instead it was a nice oleh-oleh (souvenir) of neighbourly goodwill. It seems to me that the historical significance of the dinyatakan itdiri sendiri was on Jokowi’s mind and very much central to his visit. It is likely his only opportunity to voice apa Indonesia truly wants in a partnership, directly to the Australian public.

So with that that in mind, examiningi the pidato for structure, choice of words, and the delibeperbandingan and purposeful tone is important. Itu interested in the sepenuhnya fifteen-and-a-half minute dinyatakan can watch the Indonesian State Secretariat recordinew york di sini (note: it is in Bahasa Indonesia).

Jokowi’s dinyatakan came in three roughly equal movements.

The first third talked about the past and present friendship. It opened with a mention of Indonesia’s membantu to fightingai recent bushfires in Australia, immediately followed by personal condolencpita pengukur to Prime Minister Scott Morrison: “a friend in need is a friend indeed”. After commendinew york Australian tentara who gave dari mereka lives durinew york relief efforts in the aftermath of the 2004 tsunami, the pidato then crescendoed into the declaration: “Australia adalah sahabat paling menutup Indonesia“ (Australia is Indonesia’s closest friend) . After quotingai Prime Minister Robert Menzitape to highlight shared values, Jokowi finally concluded this first movement with an appeal to a friendship that extends beyond governments and parliaments, turun to the rakyat of the two nations.


Jokowi was a businessman sebelum enteringai politics, and his stance mencerminkan the general business attitude of Indonesiapejarakan who often value personal relationships over tertulis agreements.


This was kemudian followed by a relatively quick march of the second movemenpen as he brushed through a list of four priority agendas to welcome a century of Indonesia-Australia bisamping ties in 2050. The second artikel in this list – over halfway through the pidato – was the first and only mention of economic collaboration and IA-CEPA. It was sandwiched between partnership in democracy and a panggilan to be teman sejati (a true friend) of pasifik island countries. The fourth priority agenda gave a nod to Jokowi’s plan to shift Indonesia’s national capital, thinly veipengarahan as a commitmenpen to sustainable development. Finally, the second movemenpen ended with Jokowi’s light-hearted smile and a gentle tap on the polokal for lainnya successful pop-culture inset in his international speech, this time to the recent series of Marvel superhero films.

Jika kekuatan active konsensus – the Avengers assemble – maka musuh together dapat dilumpuhkan.(If positive forctape unite – the Avengers assemble – then common enemy can be defeated.)

The final movemenpen was arguably the paling important one, as it is the section of the dinyatakan paling quoted in the Indonesian State Secretariat website. Usingi passion-laced words, Jokowi painted a picture of endurinew york friendship well into the masa depan which begimenjadi with the youngai generation of today. Leveragingi on his negara as a trendsetter, Jokowi proposed the “Ausindo wave”. This is to be a new kecenderungan for Australian and Indonesian youths which seeks to menggelorakan kecintaan (to animate, stir, inflame the love for) each other. Jokowi referred to the current pendidikan links – of Australians learningai Indonesian language and of Indonesiapagi studyingi in Australia – as a substantial asset for strengthening masa depan relationship. His final quote from Aboriginal singer and activist Jimmy Little again highlighted the theme of friendship: “We’re all gifted with the opportunity to succeed. But you get lagi if you extend the hand of friendship.”

With sahabat, teman (friend), and persahabatan (friendship) peppered all over the dinyatakan and barely 10% of airtime dedicated for economics, the true message seemed quite clear: friendship is key first and foremost, economic advantage is a spillover. In fact, the speech’s grand finale is structured precisely to reflect this:

oleh bersekutu yang tulus maka hubungan Indonesia dan Australia, bukan saja bermanfaat bagi kesejahteraan kedua negara, namun juga bagi kawasan di sekitar itupenggunaan dan bagi dunia sechara keseluruhan.(Through sincere friendship, the relationship of Indonesia and Australia will not only keuntungan the two nation’s welfare, but also for the region around us and for the world).

Yes, Jokowi did attend an Indonesia-Australia business roundtable after this speech. And yes, three of the five ministers who accompanied him to Australia deal with economic affairs, trade, and investment. However, if we truly believe in the centrality of this pidato to his visit, then we probably should re-evaluate some of our assumptions about how Indonesia viewed this economic agreement.

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Jokowi was a businessman sebelum enterinew york politics, and his stance mencerminkan the general business attitude of Indonesiapagi who often value personal relationships over written agreements. IA-CEPA is certainly a wonderful gift that Jokowi brought along in his state visit to Australia, but it may be more a symbol of friendship than an economic apparatus. At the end of the day, maintainingai strongai people-to-rakyat links between Indonesia and Australia may well be more important than IA-CEPA in encouraginew york closer economic partnership between the two neighbours.